Brushing your teeth regularly is very important to eliminate the bacterial plaque that is deposited on the teeth and prevent periodontal diseases. Poor dental hygiene causes many complications. It is essential to follow these tips to ensure good health:
1. Brush your teeth twice a day
Caries and periodontal diseases are the two most common oral diseases, mainly caused by plaque attached to teeth. So removing plaque is the basis for maintaining oral health. Brushing can remove plaque, soft dirt and food debris, maintain oral hygiene, healthy teeth and periodontal tissues.
After falling asleep, saliva secretion is reduced, the self-cleaning effect is poor, and bacteria are more likely to grow. Therefore, brush your teeth at least twice a day. Brushing before going to bed at night is more important. Rinse your mouth after a meal. For brushing, you should follow these guidelines:
- Place the brush head at the junction of the posterior teeth and gums, with the upper teeth up and the lower teeth down, at an angle of about 45° to the teeth. Lightly pressurize, vibrate about 10 times back and forth, and then turn the toothbrush toward the tooth surface. Brush up and down.
- According to the above method, brush about 2 to 3 teeth each time, and the range of brushing should overlap.
- While you are brushing the tongue surface of the front teeth, put the brush head upright on the tooth surface so that the front bristles touch the edge of the gums and brush from top to bottom. When brushing the tongue surface of the front teeth, brush from bottom to top.
- When brushing the occlusal surface of the teeth, point the bristles to the occlusal surface and apply a little force.
Promote the use of good toothbrushes, pay attention to timely replacement
A good toothbrush has following characteristics:
- The brush head is small enough to rotate freely in the mouth.
- The arrangement of the bristles is reasonable, generally 10 to 12 bundles long, 3 to 4 bundles wide. There is a certain distance between each bundle, which is effective for removing bacteria .
- The bristles are relatively soft and hard.
- The length of the bristles is appropriate.
- The top of the bristles are rounded and blunt to avoid damage to the teeth and gums by the toothbrush.
- The toothbrush handle has a moderate length and width, and has a non-slip design, making it easy to hold.
After brushing your teeth, rinse the toothbrush with clean water, and spin-off the water on the bristles. Put the brush head up in the cup and place it in a ventilated place.
You should replace your toothbrush every three months or so to prevent bacterial infection. If the bristles bend or fall or deposit dirt, which will cause damage and pollute the oral tissues, they need to be replaced immediately.
Promote the use of dental floss or inter-dental brushes
The gap between the teeth is called the tooth gap, and it is the most likely to retain bacteria and dirt. The toothbrush bristles cannot fully reach the gap between the teeth during brushing. If you can use dental floss or inter-dental brush to help clean the gap between the teeth after daily brushing, you can achieve the purpose of thoroughly cleaning the teeth.
2. Promote the use of fluoride toothpaste
Fluoride toothpaste is a safe and effective caries-preventing measure. Adults need to use about 0.5 to 1 gram of paste each time they brush their teeth. That’s it. If other active ingredients are added to the toothpaste paste, such as fluoride, antibacterial drugs, and anti-sensitivity chemicals, they have the effects of preventing dental caries, reducing plaque, and alleviating tooth sensitivity, respectively.
3. Healthy diet to protect teeth
Sugar is one of the main nutrients for humans, the main source of human energy, and one of the risk factors for caries. If you regularly consume too much sugary food, it will cause teeth demineralization, causing caries or tooth sensitivity. Therefore, it is very important to eat less sugar. The more times you eat sugar, the greater your chance of tooth damage. Drink less carbonated drinks. Rinse your mouth with water after eating.
4. Regular oral examination
Oral diseases such as caries often occur slowly. There are no obvious symptoms in the early stage, and it is usually not easy to detect. When the discomforting symptoms such as pain may have reached the middle and late stages of the disease, the treatment is very complicated. The patient will also suffer more pain, more cost, and the treatment effect is not necessarily very good. Therefore, oral health examinations at least once a year can promptly detect oral diseases. The doctor will also take appropriate preventive measures according to the needs of the situation to prevent the occurrence of oral diseases and control the development of oral diseases.
It is best to wash your teeth once a year to keep your teeth strong and healthy from a dentist. There may be bleeding gums during tooth cleaning, and there may be temporary tooth sensitivity after tooth cleaning. But generally, it will not hurt the gums and teeth, nor will it cause sparse teeth and loose teeth.
5. Don’t get pregnant with oral diseases
Once a woman is pregnant, receiving complex oral treatment in the early and late stages of pregnancy will increase the risk of fetal miscarriage or premature delivery due to stress and pain. Therefore, women should take the initiative to receive oral health examinations before planning to become pregnant, and timely discover and deal with diseases or hidden dangers in the oral cavity to avoid the inconvenience and risk of treatment due to oral emergency during pregnancy.
6. Maintain your children’s oral health
From birth, parents should clean the oral cavity for infants and young children
After the baby is born, parents should use a soft gauze or soft toothbrush to scrub the child’s mouth every day. After the teeth sprout, you can gently scrub your child’s mouth and teeth with gauze or a soft brush. When multiple teeth emerge, parents can use fingertip brushes or soft brushes to brush their children’s teeth twice a day and ensure that all teeth of the upper and lower jaws are cleaned, especially near the gingival margin.
Children should learn to brush their teeth, parents should help and supervise
Parents should complete oral care for children aged 0 to 3 years, at least twice a day. From 3 to 6 years old, parents and kindergarten teachers can start teaching children to brush their teeth with the simplest “turning circle method”. The main method is to place the bristles on the tooth surface, gently press to flex the bristles and draw circles on the tooth surface. Repeat the circle for more than 5 times. The toothbrush should be placed upright on the inner side of the front teeth, and all sides of the teeth should be brushed. Also, parents should help their children brush their teeth once a day. After 6 years of age, children master the method of brushing their teeth, but parents also have to supervise their children to ensure the effect of brushing their teeth.
Help your child get rid of bad oral habits as soon as possible
Children’s bad oral habits include: sucking fingers, biting the lower lip, tongue out, mouth breathing, etc., should be abstained as soon as possible, otherwise it will cause maxillary protrusion, narrow arch, crowded dentition and other oral and jaw deformities. If children above 3 years old still have the above bad habits and cannot be quitted through persuasion, they should go to the hospital in time for treatment and help them get rid of the bad habits through appropriate correction methods.
For children with oral breathing habits, check whether the upper respiratory tract is unobstructed, treat respiratory diseases, and correct oral breathing promptly.
Deciduous caries should be treated in time
Dental caries can cause systemic symptoms such as toothache, swelling of the gums and face, and even high fever. Long-term treatment of caries can cause children to chew laterally and develop bilateral asymmetry; it can also affect the normal development and eruption of permanent teeth.
Without healthy teeth, children are reluctant to eat fiber-rich vegetables and meat, resulting in unhealthy eating habits such as partial eclipse, affecting the normal growth and development of the whole body. Therefore, the view that “the deciduous teeth always have to be replaced, and they need to be cured if broken” is wrong.
Closing fissures for school-age children
“Sixth-year-old tooth” is the earliest permanent molar, with the most powerful chewing function and the most prone to caries. Fissure sealing is the most effective method to prevent fissures of permanent molars. The principle is to fill the fissures of the teeth with polymer materials to make the tooth surface smooth and easy to clean, and the bacteria are not easy to stay, to prevent the fissures of the fissures. But not all children, all teeth need to be sealed, and they need to be checked by the doctor to confirm the teeth that meet the indication. At the same time, children who have completed pit and fissure closure still cannot ignore serious brushing every day.
8. Repair the missing tooth in time
Teeth have the functions of chewing food, assisting pronunciation, and maintaining facial shape. Missing teeth are prone to chewing difficulties, an extension of the jaw teeth, tilting of adjacent teeth, etc. Missing anterior teeth can also lead to inaccurate pronunciation and changes in facial morphology. After the loss of full teeth, it is very difficult to chew and the face looks old.
Therefore, no matter how many teeth are lost, the denture should be repaired in time. The restoration is usually performed after 2 to 3 months of tooth extraction. Before restoring, the disease of remaining teeth should be treated, and if necessary, the alveolar bone and soft tissue should be repaired to ensure the quality of the restoration.
The restoration of missing teeth currently mainly includes active restoration (including partial dentures and full dentures) and fixed restoration (including fixed bridges, implanted dentures). The specific choice of repair method should be based on the patient’s oral conditions and subjective requirements.