Hypertension-Intro, Symptoms and how to control it?

In recent years, with the rapid development in industrialization and urbanization, and the superposition of an aging population, the number of chronic patients represented by hypertension has continued to increase, becoming a major disease that seriously threatens the health of the people.

According to the WHO Global Burden of Disease Research, hypertension has become the second largest risk factor affecting global mortality. According to estimates, the number of hypertensive patients in China exceeds 330 million, and an average of 1 in 3 adults is hypertensive. About 2 million deaths each year are related to hypertension, but the awareness rate is only 42.6%.

Moreover, more than 60% of patients with coronary heart disease. More than 80% of patients with cerebral infarction, and 90% of patients with cerebral haemorrhage have a history of hypertension. It can be said that hypertension is the most important “killer” of human health. The appearance of high blood pressure is mostly related to our daily unhealthy eating habits. Every year on October 8th is National Hypertension Day, this year’s theme is: “Know your blood pressure”. Today, high blood pressure is showing a younger trend. These little common sense about “high blood pressure” will help you to check your health in real time. Please understand:

WHAT ARE THE BASIC SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTENSION?

These symptoms generally appear after a long time when a lot of damage have been done by hypertension.

1. Vertigo

In severe cases, it feels like the sky is spinning, and both eyes feel dizzy.

2. Headache

It is manifested as persistent dull pain or pulsating pain. In severe cases, headaches are accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

3. Tinnitus

Tinnitus caused by high blood pressure generally occurs in both ears, and the sustained sound is longer, because the increase in blood pressure affects the blood supply to the inner ear.

4. Sleep disorders

Continuously elevated blood pressure can cause brain nerve disorders, causing sleep disturbances such as difficulty in falling asleep, easy to wake up, poor sleep, nightmares and other sleep disorders.

5. Limb numbness

Hypertension can cause inadequate blood supply to the limbs and numbness in the limbs, especially when chronic hypertension is not well controlled, the symptoms are more obvious.

Some of the mostly asked questions are: How should we control it? How can we avoid the harm caused by high blood pressure? What are the tips for daily blood pressure management? Here are some ways to control hypertension:

HOW TO CONTROL HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

Healthy lifestyle and reasonable diet

A healthy lifestyle is the basis for the treatment of hypertension. A healthy lifestyle includes reasonable diet, quitting smoking and alcohol, proper exercise, and psychological balance. Healthy lifestyle also includes weight control and prevention of overweight. Obese people who are already overweight have to lose weight scientifically. If you want to know about diet plans that can help you lose weight, click here.

Four principles: quit smoking and alcohol, consume low salt and low fat

Smoking and drinking alcohol can increase your heart rate, stimulate blood vessels, and increase blood pressure. Excessive salt consumption will increase the osmotic pressure in the body, resulting in increased blood pressure, so you must control the intake of salt in your daily life. Ingesting too much fat will cause an excess of lipids and protein in the blood vessels, which will increase blood pressure. Therefore, patients with hypertension must have low-fat diet. In the diet, pay attention to daily intake of high-quality protein, eat more fresh fruits rich in vitamins A and C, and quit smoking and alcohol. Patients taking calcium antagonists antihypertensive drugs and hyperlipidaemic drugs should not eat grapefruit, so as not to affect the efficacy of the drug.

Smooth reduction in blood pressure

If the reduction in blood pressure becomes too fast the body will not be able to adapt, it will cause insufficient blood supply to the heart, brain, kidney and other important organs, causing stroke, angina, or decreased kidney function. Old people with high blood pressure for many years are very prone to cerebral infarction if the blood pressure falls too fast, causing serious consequences. Continuous and stable pressure reduction is the correct method of pressure reduction. In general hypertensive patients, it takes 4 to 12 weeks to reach the blood pressure standard to be safe. In the elderly, patients with severe coronary artery or bilateral carotid artery stenosis and poor tolerance, the blood pressure compliance time should be appropriately extended.

Manage early morning blood pressure

There is a circadian rhythm in the blood pressure of the human body, and early morning is the highest blood pressure period of the day. Many high blood pressure patients do not meet the standard blood pressure rate in the morning. In fact, managing the blood pressure in the early morning is important to a great extent. If the blood pressure is managed early in the morning then it means that the blood pressure is controlled 24 hours a day. If blood pressure is not controlled in the morning, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are most likely to “sneak attack” at this time. The risk of ischemic stroke in the early morning period is four times that of other periods, and the risk of cardiovascular death is also increased by 70% compared with other periods.

Adhere to taking long-acting antihypertensive drugs

Hypertensive patients need to take antihypertensive drugs for a long time or even for life. Adhering to medication can improve the quality of life and prolong life of hypertensive patients.

It is recommended to choose a long-acting antihypertensive drug, which is characterized by a half-life of more than 24 hours and more, only need to be taken once a day, the antihypertensive effect can cover 24 hours; due to its long-lasting and stable effect, it can effectively control blood pressure 24 hours a day and can reduce the number of medications, improve treatment compliance, and more effectively prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

Maintain healthy blood pressure and don’t let misunderstandings ruin your health

Misunderstanding 1: A low-salt diet means cooking less salt

Cooking less salt is just one aspect of a low-salt diet. In addition to this, we should also pay attention to other aspects. Such as:

• Don’t eat high-salt condiments, such as soy sauce, oyster sauce, etc…

• Eat less preserved foods, such as mustard and pickles.

•Prevent high-salt packaged foods, such as cooked meats or luncheon meats, sausages and canned foods.

• Pay attention to cooking methods.

• Pay attention to food nutrition labels and understand the salt content of things.

Misunderstanding 2: Symptoms of high blood pressure

In the early stages of hypertension, many people’s symptoms are not obvious. High blood pressure is called the “silent killer” because it can gradually destroy the body’s arteries, heart and other organs without any symptoms. Once symptoms appear, they can manifest as life-threatening emergencies such as myocardial infarction and stroke.

Misunderstanding 3: The blood pressure is normal, you can stop the medicine

Hypertension is a lifelong disease that requires long-term normative data and follow-up management. Once the drug is stopped, blood pressure is likely to rebound, and some drugs will also have serious withdrawal reactions. So even if the blood pressure has been stable for a long time, you can’t stop the medicine yourself. You must follow the doctor’s instructions to use the medicine correctly.

Never stop taking medicine without permission

Hypertensive patients need to take the medicine for life. If you stop the medicine without authorization, it will cause damage to the target organs such as the heart and kidneys. Some hypertensive patients are treated irregularly, unable to insist on medication, and have the phenomenon of self-stopping or changing medication, which will increase blood pressure again, and even some patients will have heart, brain, and kidney complications. Therefore, it is very necessary for patients with hypertension to do home self blood pressure monitoring, and the medication should be adjusted accordingly. If the blood pressure control is not ideal; if the blood pressure is too high or fluctuates too much, you should go to the hospital in time, adjust the amount of medication and the type of medicine, and use antihypertensive drugs reasonably to achieve a better Antihypertensive effect.

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